Curvilinear Support

But the most stylish they look in the house adjacent to the pergolas and if they are performed in a similar style to the house. Freestanding pergola is better done from the tree. A common problem in the construction of the tree is a need to isolate the tree from ground contact. If this is to ensure that the tree will serve tens and tens of years, especially treated with an antiseptic. To solve this problem, you need to buy special support. They are metal cups or U-shaped structure, which is welded to a thick piece of rebar. Armature concreted into the foundation and the wooden stand vertically inserted into the glass.

Such support can make yourself and, for example, from a piece of pipe, square profile of a large cross-section, or 2-4 parts (as pictured). To do this, cut two piece corner, approximately 50-60 cm from the bar, such as future support is cut off a small piece and gently hammer into the ground corners so that the bar was part of a tightly between the corners. Then the corners are welded together several pieces of valve as close as possible to the ground. Subsequently, the holder supports concreted and applied the paint in one color red lead with support. In support can make a rebate so that the holder was flush with the planes of support. Support in fastened with screws holder (through holes in the corners), and a very good support to plant a small flat stone. Because one hundred concrete – wood is hygroscopic and better insulated from it. A stone – an absolute gidroizolyator, withstand enormous loads, and its small size provides ventilation end of support. Thus, the tree is like posted in the air, which ensures its long service without losing their properties. As stated article about the device configuration, the curvilinear bench, rear bench supports originally intended for attaching the vertical supports pergolas.

Thermal Insulation Thermal

During the heating period through the exterior building envelope is inevitable heat losses occur, which range from 30 to 80% of the lost energy. The system allows better insulation to reduce These characteristics, and accordingly, as well as spending more than 5 times. Badly insulated exterior walls contribute to the creation of an unfavorable climate in addition to the indoor condensation, which results in is the wetting of building elements, as well as mold. These problems can be solved by adequate insulation of exterior walls. With insulation of facades cottages meneralovatnymi plates significantly as reduced noise pollution. For even more details, read what Peter Asaro says on the issue. The facade of a house can be warmed in 3 ways: inner insulation, outer insulation, and insulation structure inside the wall. For the most part wish to be given external insulation systems, as they have several advantages: protect walls from adverse environmental impacts (air, temperature, and biological); protect the walls from cooling, which prevents condensation on the inside surfaces, provide a “breathing” walls, as well as, of course, additional sound insulation, as well as long-term use. Facade insulation systems depending on the technology can be divided into the following groups: – light plaster insulation system – heavy plaster insulation system – ventilated facade construction.

In light of plaster slab insulation systems of insulation is fixed to the wall with glue and dowels, and then covered with a thin layer of plaster. The total thickness of the layers does not exceed 15 millimeters. As can be seen that the heat insulating material in the facade systems are presented the highest orders. To perform installation of highly light plaster systems need workers with relatively high qualifications, as one must apply uniform plastering and durable fiber glass-reinforcement on. Plate heater in heavy plaster system is attached with steel mesh reinforcement, and anchors. The thickness of the layers of insulation after sometimes can be up to 50 millimetrov.V this facade system carrying metal mesh guard topcoat of linear thermal strain.

Here, as well as in light plaster systems, has heightened indications of insulation. Ventilated facade system is similar to kolodtsevuyu masonry with an air gap, only instead used all kinds of exterior wall covering materials (boards or sheet material). Thermal insulation is fixed to the wall with the supporting framework, as well as the anchor fastening system. Such a heating system Facade provides ventilation of the inner layers, as well as helps to remove moisture, which saved the insulating properties of insulation and walls, as well as improves the appearance of the walls, and, importantly, increases the life of insulation (up to 70 years!) depending on the material used. Used in modern construction of external insulation cottages provide an opportunity to not only effectively solve energy conservation, as well as provide opportunities for architects, designers as well as to create a completely new image of the cottages, making them inaccessible to earlier forms. The materials are certified brand THERMO fire safety, sanitary-epidemiological certificates, certificates of radiation safety, as well as technical certificates Rosstroya RF.

Provedal Structures

Over the last decade aluminum structures gradually took on a leading role in the construction industry. Initially, aluminum was used in the manufacture of windows, doors and walls of the deaf – and the ease strength and excellent consumer properties quickly gained popularity. Today, aluminum structure is actively used in the construction trade pavilions, small commercial buildings, as well as in creating billboards, and stained glass. What is the secret of this rapid market penetration? .. Try to understand. Aluminum structures have a number of unique benefits, which together with low cost and ease of manufacture make them indispensable in solving many problems. Aluminium as a chemical element is light, and this advantage plays a significant role in the choice of aluminum structures as basis for the manufacture of windows and doors.

Finished products are much easier, even when compared with plastic bags – what can we say about the wooden frames! .. In addition, aluminum can produce any product form, if desired, leaving from the banal rectangular shapes. As for the consumer qualities, here are allyuminivye design on top. Despite its lightness and flexibility, aluminum is very strong metal to withstand any climate and temperature conditions. The glazing of balconies and loggias, the most popular systems using aluminum profile Provedal. Aluminum construction of this brand already long established themselves as products of exceptional quality and reliability. Aluminium profile Provedal able to withstand heavy loads, temperature changes from -50 to +50 degrees, has excellent sound insulation and corrosion resistant, completely environmentally friendly.

The service life of aluminum profiles more than eighty years. Production of aluminum profiles is more economical, not to mention the environmental component: the use of aluminum instead of wood allows you to save forest wealth of our planet. In addition, the production of aluminum profiles virtually non-waste: old design comes to processing and use again. All these advantages suggest that it is the aluminum structures are the building blocks selection of the XXI century.

Installation Of Drywall With His Own Hands

Installation of drywall, plaster to create designs, has strict rules which derogate from, it is impossible. Incorrect installation of the drywall sheets can lead not only to defects in the finished design, but also the complete destruction of gypsum sheathing. There are two basic methods sheetrock installation, each of them applies only in this particular case: – frameless mounting method – frame method of installation; frameless mounting method does not provide for the establishment of a frame and drywall, in this case is mounted directly on the basis of plaster with adhesive solutions for mounting drywall. This method is widely used for the lining neshtukaturenyh internal walls and partitions, in other words used for "drywall." When installing the drywall with adhesive to to follow these basic rules: – The number and nature of the overlay adhesive must conform to the instructions on the use of concrete mix taken – height cladding should not exceed 3 meters, possibly at height of a standard sheet of plasterboard, which is equal to 2.5 meters. – When installing drywall in place of mount, it is necessary to provide clearance between floor and ceiling, and a sheet of 5 mm, internal ventilation space between the foundation and drywall to dry adhesive – each sheet drywall must align in a vertical position on the plumb line with a soft mallet. Installation of drywall to the frame used to create suspended ceilings, interior partitions, wall and decorative designs. The main rules sheetrock installation on the frame: – the framework must form an ideal plane for mounting some form of gypsum, both flat and three-dimensional, so that when installing drywall to the frame on the sheet not cause excessive stress – plasterboard on the ceiling should not be placed in a row, they must quincunx to avoid long, connecting from leaf to leaf, straight seams, it protects finished seams from cracking when the temperature of multiple strains – when attaching drywall sheets with screws, you need to keep clear of the cut head of the screw relative to the outer plane of the plasterboard, the head should be drowned in a sheet of 1-2 mm – the distance between the screws for fixing Drywall sheets must be within 25 cm for the ceiling and 40 cm for vertical structures. Just following the rules and just selecting the correct method of installation – your drywall construction, created with his own hands, will not be give the reliability of designs created by professionals.

Stainless Steel Corrugated Tubes

A long time and today – copper was used and applied at any time. And whatever you do not use – washing machine or a vehicle – everywhere you will find the copper parts. Copper has the original character, so it use as needed. And then hardly any other material will come to replace her. Copper will be relevant at all times, because this material is not pure, it is not harmful to the environment, it uses its processing.

For example, the copper pipe has very good corrosion resistance and durability, so widely used in various fields of industry and manufacturing. This property of the high ductility of copper allows her to not be afraid of repeated freezing and thawing, it occurs without any negative results for the pipeline. Most of the buildings equipped with copper piping. The first to use copper plumbing yet the Egyptians. Germany in the early 20th century, actively using the copper piping. Copper pipes due to the above characteristics, it is more convenient maintain and install. Copper tubes of air conditioners is almost nothing more than replace. All products are fairly high quality, technological processes as long debugged.

And now you can occasionally come across anything unconfirmed proposition that copper can be harmful. In dry air, copper does not change, as formed on the surface of a thin film of copper oxide gives a darker color and also serves as a good protection against further oxidation. But the presence of moisture and carbon dioxide, the copper surface is covered with a greenish patina gidpoksokapbonata copper, which is not a harmful substance. Uneducated people believe this film verdigris, although basic copper acetate may occur only after the interaction with acetic acid. Creating a copper pipe consists of several operations. The first eliminates impurities of other elements, trying to get the most pure copper to begin the process of creating pipes. Copper pipe is divided into rigid, semi-rigid, soft, and each has its own tensile strength. It can improve the process of cold deformation. In the case of heating increases the risk of rupture. In order to obtain a less strong but more ductile copper, you need a joke. The standard of reliability, efficiency and durability of a stainless steel corrugated pipe. Corrosion of metal leads to its destruction, so the pipes that supplied water and which are located in moist or open spaces, should be made of corrosion-resistant metals. This is done because of the emerging on the surface pipe chromium oxide, which prevents the interaction of water and other substances. Mounted conduit for drinking water do not require special cleaning and is immediately ready for use. Due to the fact that stainless corrugated pipe is obtained by cold forming, prevented sensitization of the material. The main feature stainless steel corrugated pipe – its good flexibility, which makes it possible to use it to different purposes. This is a very rugged construction, and its longevity is measured in decades. Stainless corrugated tube can be quickly and easily mount in limited spaces. As a result, with the assembled pipeline there will be no trouble. Stainless corrugated pipe and brass couplings (fittings) – universal equipment to create different pipeline